Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, sometimes called PID, is a bacterial infection that begins in the uterus and spreads to the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and other areas in the pelvic region. The disease is primarily transmitted through sexual intercourse and, less commonly, by childbirth, insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD), or if an infection develops after a miscarriage or abortion. It can scar the reproductive organs and cause infertility or even death. The symptoms may include a foul-smelling vaginal discharge, sharp, aching, abdominal pain, fever, pain when urinating, nausea, vomiting, and occasionally, vaginal bleeding.
If you have symptoms of PID, it is recommended you see a health care professional. A pelvic examination, including laboratory tests and cultures, may be performed. Treatment includes antibiotics, hot baths, heating pads, and plenty of rest. In some cases, surgery may be necessary. Women at high risk of PID are those who have had multiple sex partners, sexually transmitted diseases, or previous episodes of PID. A woman’s recent sex partners may also require treatment.