Premenstrual tension, commonly called premenstrual syndrome or PMS, is a condition many women experience during the week or so preceding a menstrual period. The condition encompasses a broad range of physical and emotional symptoms, including moodiness, irritability, fluid retention, backache, breast tenderness, fatigue, and insomnia. While the symptoms of premenstrual tension are mild in some women, others have difficulty coping with daily activities.

Hormonal imbalances are thought to be responsible for many of the symptoms. However, the condition can be difficult to diagnose. Before seeing a healthcare professional, it is a good idea to keep a diary of your symptoms, including when they are worse and how they affect your life. The information may help your doctor recommend an effective treatment program ranging from diet and stress reduction techniques to prescription medications.

For additional information, please visit The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.